Gate Valves are primarily designed to start or stop flow, and when a straight line flow of fluid and minimum flow restriction are needed. In service, these Valves generally are either fully open or fully closed.
The Gate (also called wedge) of a Gate Valve is completely removed when the Valve is fully open; the wedge is fully drawn up into the Valve Bonnet. This leaves an opening for flow through the Valve at the same inside diameter as the pipe system in which the Valve is installed.
A Gate Valve can be used for a wide range of liquids and provides a tight seal when closed.
Advantages of using Gate Valves:
Good shutoff features
Gate Valves are bidirectional and therefore they can be
used in two directions
Pressure loss through the Valve is minimal